What is childhood adversity, effect of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder? By Dr. Beatrice Dupwa (PhD)

  1. Unraveling the Causes of Trauma
  • Emotional and psychological trauma stems from highly stressful events that severely impact daily functioning.
  • Examples include physical assault, verbal abuse, life-threatening medical conditions, acts of terror, or natural disasters.
  1. Examining Adversity and its Effects
  • Adversity signifies misfortune, troubling situations, or hardships. There are six types of adversity, including self-doubt, physical injuries or illnesses, rejection, poverty, loss of a loved one, and struggling to succeed in one’s chosen career.
  • How does childhood adversity shape later life? Children who experience trauma, such as witnessing the murder of a family member or sexual assault, face elevated risks of various psychiatric disorders, including depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), conduct problems, substance abuse, self-harm, and suicidal thoughts and attempts.
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